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Southeast Asian Rainforest

Today and Tomorrow


Dated - 23 May 2012 By – P. Borkotoky






Southeast Asian rainforest are one of the amazing biomes on earth which are very rich and diverse in flora and fauna. These rainforests stretches from Burma in the west to Malaysia and to the islands of Java and Borneo in the east. The climate of Southeast Asian region remains more or less the same this is because of it location on the equator.

This region has no distinctive season; with low variation in temperature. This warm, wet and stable environment of the rainforest foster’s wealth of biological richness. Rainforest forming a multi layer canopy provides a living habitat to number of diverse tree species along with fauna, thus playing a vital role in maintaining earth’s ecosystem.  SE Asian rainforest surround’s with highest mean proportion of country-endemic bird and mammal species and the second-highest percentage of country-endemic vascular plant species compared to the other tropical regions. Moreover SE Asia has the highest percentage of endangered species across all taxonomic groups.


we human have destroyed most of our rainforest to fulfill our own needs without even thinking what earth needs to survive. Most of the SE Asian countries are suffering at present for example Vietnam, Philippines experiences more frequently natural disasters since they emphasis more on industrialization by cutting down there rainforest, the same goes with Malaysia deforestation had lead to increase in temperature and irregular rainfall patter’s in peninsular Malaysia. In Indonesia unlawful logging has led to a biological devastation affecting thousands of flora and fauna species and disturbing the natural biologic symmetry which keeps the rainforest vigorous and stable. Its rate of deforestation is higher compared to other tropical regions. Moreover, Southeast Asia’s annual deforestation rate is highest among the tropics, it has increased more between the periods 1990–2005. This could result in projected losses of 13–85% of biodiversity in the region by 2100 as reported by Department of Biological Sciences (NUS).


SE Asian rainforests area has been decreasing at a faster rate than any other equatorial rainforest and left with a very few primary rainforests. Furthermore secondary forests in SE Asia are also wiped off which makes the story grimmer.  


Destruction of the natural habitats will cause more interaction of animals with humans, and which will lead to animals being killed or captured for pet trade. Substantial numbers of flora and fauna species will extinct before we could understand their function in the rainforest and this might collapse the rainforest ecosystem of Southeast Asia. As Dennis Gabor once said “Till now man has been up against Nature; from now on he will be up against his own nature”. Habitat restoration, in certain countries, is of highly recommended which would allow for some amelioration of biodiversity loss and thus potentially lower the currently predicted extinction rates. Nonetheless, urgent conservation actions are needed. Conservation project should include planting more trees in required locations and raise concern among people. This condition reminds me of the famous saying “what goes around comes around”, so it our time to pay back now for what we have taken from our rainforest to make our mother earth a place like heaven to live in. Let’s grow our rainforest back.